Boek cover Cogs, Small Cogs, and Boats van Karel Vlierman

Cogs, Small Cogs, and Boats

The Thirteenth Until Sixteenth Century Dutch and Flemish Archaeological Finds from the Hanseatic Shipbuilding Tradition in a Broader Perpective

nog geen rating
uitgever Stichting Promotie Archeologie
Taal Engels
Bindwijze Hardcover
Afmetingen 33,8 x 26 x 21,8 cm
Aantal paginas 996 pagina's
Illustraties Met illustraties
Auteur(s) Karel Vlierman
Redacteur Hemmy Clevis
Co-redacteur Hemmy Clevis
Uitgever Stichting Promotie Archeologie
Extra groot lettertype Nee
Gewicht 9437 g
Studieboek Nee
Verpakking breedte 260 mm
Verpakking hoogte 218 mm
Verpakking lengte 338 mm


From the thirteenth to the fifteenth century an important part of the economy in northwestern Europe was based on trade in the Hanseatic League. The main means of transport consisted of ships, mainly cogs. The importance of this type of ship was already apparent from medieval documents, miniatures, and other sources. However, until the mid-twentieth century, no material remains of such ships were known. Results from archaeological excavations of shipwrecks had to be awaited for greater clarity on the construction, technology and appearance of these ships.

One of the world's largest collections of medieval shipwrecks emerged after the Second World War during the partial reclamation of the IJsselmeer lake (the former Zuiderzee inlet) in the Netherlands, where three polders were created from 1942 onwards. During these works, hundreds of shipwrecks from the period between 1250 and 1900 were discovered, about twenty of these being cogs. The first cog was excavated in 1944. The famed cog, with its remarkable construction and the ingenious manner in which the seams between the planks were made watertight using moss, laths and iron clamps, clearly demanded an in-depth study. The Netherlands were an ideal place to start, as more than half of all the cog wrecks in Europe have been found, (partially) excavated and studied in the Netherlands.

Maritime archaeologist Karel Vlierman has excavated shipwrecks all his working life. He dedicated himself to the research of these ships, including two cogs found at Doel near Antwerp and the recently uncovered cog from the river IJssel near Kampen. His research of more than twenty years has resulted in a monograph of 996 illustrated pages, together with some 70 large technical drawings of all the investigated cogs and their reconstructions. The monograph (in two volumes) and the folder with the 70 technical drawings -in A0, A1 and A2 format- together come in a fine slipcase.

Karel Vlierman explains the shipbuilding tradition of the Hanseatic period in detail and clarifies the differences between the cog and, for example, the 'nef' of the southern North Sea, which belongs to the Nordic or Scandinavian tradition. Based on the finds excavated at Kampen, he considers it very likely that a shipyard was located there in the late thirteenth and early fourteenth century. The largest piece of woollen sail ever excavated was discovered at Kampen. Hundreds of typical iron clamps too were found, some of them unused, suggesting a blacksmith's workshop specifically dedicated to producing them. Ships could be hauled out from the water and, after repairs, sail to the Zuiderzee via the IJssel. This is the first cog shipyard ever to be discovered in the Netherlands.

Until the 'IJssel cog' was discovered and excavated near Kampen, the so-called 'Nijkerk-II' was the best-preserved known cog. The analysis of this cog was the starting point for this study, together with the experience gained during the construction of a replica of it, the so-called Kamper Kogge (Kampen Cog). It gradually became clear that there had been a tradition of cog building. Through studying and drawing all the cog wrecks, it was possible to make reconstruction drawings of many of them, with the benefit of evidence already obtained from other wrecks.

This voluminous and impressive book will set the standard for publications on maritime archaeology for decades to come, as it is the landmark handbook for the way in which shipwrecks should be documented, described, and reconstructed. The detailed manner in which the technical drawings have been created makes it possible to construct virtual 3D models. The vectorised drawings are of a very high quality and are available digitally.

In addition, Karel Vlierman created about twenty artists&; impressions of the cogs as they must have looked during operation and of life on board. These not only appear in a large format in the book but are also available as postcards and posters.

This will be the standard work on cogs, the first of its kind to be published, with the size and scope of the study unequaled in any area of maritime archaeology. The famous publication on the sixteenth-century ship Mary Rose comes close but is about a single ship only. The present book on cogs covers the entire spectrum of these vessels, from seagoing ships to boats and barges plying the inland waterways and even a possible military cog for army transport.

Gelijkaardige boeken

Boek cover Coastal Vessels van David L Williams
A Colour Portfolio
As an island nation, Britain has always had a great maritime tradition. Whilst large ocean-going vessels still dominate international trade, the...
›› meer info
Boek cover Seafarers, Merchants and Pirates in the Middle Ages van Dirk Meier
The first sailors braved the North Sea and the Baltic in open wooden boats: their aims were varied - to fish, to trade, to conquer and plunder....
›› meer info
Boek cover Cogs, Cargoes and Commerce van Lars Berggren
Maritime Bulk Trade in Northern Europe, 1150-1400
There are several theories as to when, why and how international bulk-trade started in medieval northern Europe. They may all be wrong in the sense...
›› meer info
Boek cover Viking-Age Ships and Shipbuilding in Hedeby van Ole Crumlin-Pedersen
Haithabu and Schleswig
Ships and shipbuilding were important elements of Viking culture and a precondition for trade, warfare and conquest. The important excavations at the...
›› meer info
Boek cover Ships and Shipbuilders van Fred S Walker
Pioneers of Design and Construction
In the past three centuries the ship has developed from the relatively unsophisticated sail-driven vessel to the huge motor-driven container ships,...
›› meer info
Boek cover Ships and Guns van Carlo Beltrame
The Sea Ordnance in Venice and in Europe between the 15th and the 17th Centuries
Ships and Guns brings together experts from the field of historic artillery and underwater archaeologists to present a series of papers which focus...
›› meer info
Boek cover Boats, Boffins and Bowlines van George Drower
The Stories of Sailing Inventors and Innovations
Which woman made the first solo transatlantic crossing? Who saved thousands of lives with the invention of navigation lights? What is the story...
›› meer info
Boek cover Norwegian Maritime Explorers and Expeditions van Kare Berg
Over the Past Thousand Years
The book, which has contributions by four authors, is divided into 10 chapters, five of which, as well as the Introduction, are ...
›› meer info
Boek cover Ships, Saints and Sealore van Dionisius A. Agius
Cultural Heritage and Ethnography of the Mediterranean and the Red Sea
Just as the sea has played a pivotal role in the connectivity of people, economies and cultures, it has also provided a common platform for...
›› meer info
Boek cover Boats, Ships and Shipyards van Carlo Beltrame
Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology, Venice 2000
From sewn planked boats in Early Dynastic Egypt to Late Roman wrecks in Italy, and the design of Venetian Merchant Galleys, this huge volume gathers...
›› meer info